by Joe Burlas
WASHINGTON - The Army released two new field manuals June 14 - on its 226th birthday - that provide a glimpse of how it will operate while transforming into a more strategically responsive and dominant force for the evolving security challenges of the new century.
One manual, FM 1, "The Army," establishes Army doctrine, while FM 3-0, "Operations," establishes how the Army will conduct activities across the full range of military operations.
"Both manuals reflect the fundamental changes occurring in the Army today, linking national strategy to Army strategy and operations," said COL Neal Anderson, chief of strategic planning, concepts and doctrine with the Army's office of the deputy chief of staff for operations and plans. "FM 1, the Army's capstone manual, provides broad doctrinal guidance, while FM 3-0 builds on the guidance in FM 1 to establish doctrine for how the Army conducts military operations."
FM 1 has four main parts: the Army in the profession of arms, how the Army fits into strategic and joint military operations, the Army's core competencies and "the way ahead," or the future of the Army.
"This manual reiterates the Army's role to serve the nation, in war and peace, with a primacy of focus on fulfilling our non-negotiable contract with the American people - fighting and winning our nation's wars," Anderson said. "It articulates the Army's core competencies, which are essential and enduring capabilities that define the Army's contribution to our nation's security."
FM 3-0, the Army's capstone warfighting manual, establishes doctrine across the range of military operations - peace, conflict and war, he said. It outlines those operations as offensive, defensive and stability-and-support operations that can be performed simultaneously, Anderson said.
Linked to FM 1, FM 3-0 will guide the Army as it transforms into a force that will be more responsive, deployable, agile, versatile, lethal, survivable, sustainable and deployable, he said.
FM 1 replaces FM 100-1, and FM 3-0 replaces FM 100-5. The new numerical designation reflects the Army's efforts to follow the Defense Department's system of numbering manuals, Anderson said.
Both FM 1 and FM 3 are available on-line by clicking on the words "FM 1 & FM 3" at the upper right-hand side of the Army's website, www.army.mil.
Mr. Burlas writes for Army News Service.
FORT HUACHUCA, Ariz. - An officer from Army Signal Command joined the ranks of those honored for outstanding leadership as a recipient of the General Douglas MacArthur Leadership Award in a ceremony in Washington, D.C.
CPT Robert Purtle, commander of 58th Signal Company, 72d Signal Battalion, 7th Signal Brigade, in Mannheim, Germany, received the prestigious award.
"I am extremely proud to have been selected for the award," said Purtle. "It represents team accomplishment, and I'm extremely fortunate to work with some of the most outstanding noncommissioned officers and soldiers the Army has to offer."
The history of the General Douglas MacArthur Leadership Award began in 1987. Established by the Department of the Army, the award is given annually to recognize company-grade officers from each Army major command. It honors officers who personify the qualities MacArthur possessed: superior intelligence, rare command ability and zealous dedication to duty, honor and country. The officer's selection is based on his or her overall performance throughout the calendar year.
Purtle's company supported a number of operations and exercises, including three Kosovo rotations in support of Operation Joint Guardian, the return of brigade assets from operations in Sarajevo, Bosnia, and two Operation Joint Forge port-support missions in Rijeka, Croatia.
SFC Dismukes is assigned to ASC's public-affairs office.
by SGT Joel Davis
FORT WAINWRIGHT, Alaska - 507th Signal Company was honored as the Army's Defense Message System Local Control Center of the Year at the annual DMS conference in Dallas.
DMS is a new computer software program that drives all electronic-mail accounts in U.S. Army Pacific. The 507th is responsible for maintaining e-mail and network accounts here and at Fort Greely, Alaska.
The 507th was honored for its efforts in installing, troubleshooting and supporting the customers and DMS network here.
"Everyone here is good at what they do and give everything they've got to get the job done," said Celine Johnson, 507th's LCC operations director. "We end up spending a few late nights here at the office when problems arise, but we all pull together and get the job done."
The DMS system arrived here two years ago in November 1998.
SGT Davis is assigned to Fort Wainright's public-affairs office.
by SFC David Dismukes
FORT HUACHUCA, Ariz. - "Regardless of fast-paced operations, our units have successfully maintained equipment readiness," said MG William Russ, commander of the Army Signal Command here.
Four units Russ had nominated were named winners and runners-up for the Army's annual maintenance-excellence program.
The primary objective of the program, which began in 1983, is to improve unit maintenance readiness and maintenance programs by recognizing units and activities that have demonstrated an exceptional organic, unit-level maintenance program during the previous fiscal year. This is accomplished by promoting competition between maintenance-support organizations and recognizing the unit or activities with the highest maintenance efficiencies.
The competition is open to all Army units and is based on the type of organization, such as modified tables of organization and equipment or tables of distribution and allowances. Then, depending on the density of organic equipment supported, it's further subdivided into light, intermediate and heavy categories.
Units are evaluated in many maintenance-related areas, including mission-readiness maintenance training, maintenance management, cost/savings, innovation and accomplishments.
"Throughout the year, ASC's operational readiness has enabled it to successfully perform many concurrent and resource-intensive missions, said Russ. "We attribute this to the unit's innovations in maintenance training and management."
ASC's winners in the MTOE category are:
|Light category - Headquarters Company, 7th Signal Brigade, 5th Signal Command;|
|Intermediate category - 58th Signal Company, 72d Signal Battalion, 7th Signal Brigade; and runner-up, intermediate category - 235th Signal Company, 67th Signal Battalion, 11th Signal Brigade.|
Runner-up in the TDA heavy category was 1110th Signal Battalion, 1108th Signal Brigade.
SFC Dismukes is assigned to ASC's public-affairs office.
by Anthony Ricchiazzi
TOBYHANNA ARMY DEPOT, Pa. - Technicians here are carrying out a worldwide upgrade of a key Army satellite-communications system.
Teams of depot employees from the SATCOM and systems-integration directorates are upgrading AN/TSC-93B and AN/TSC-85B to the "C" configuration.
"We're replacing modems and up-and-down converters with newer models," explained Brian Cosgrove, electronics integrated-systems mechanic.
|Brian Cosgrove, an electronics integrated-systems mechanic at Tobyhanna Army Depot, powers up a training test rack. The rack is used to familiarize Tobyhanna employees with the AN/TSC-85 and AN/TSC-93 satellite-communications terminals so they can proficiently upgrade terminals in the field.|
The TSC-93 and TSC-85 are tactical-satellite terminals used in the field or at in-theater airports. The 85, carried on a five-ton truck, serves as the main hub for the 93, carried on a humvee.
The terminals transmit voice, data and video communications. The systems Tobyhanna is upgrading are used in the field strictly for voice and data transmissions.
About 65 percent of the upgrades have been completed. Tobyhanna has upgraded the systems for units at Fort Hood, Texas; Fort Lewis, Wash.; Fort Bragg, N.C.; Germany; Korea and Kuwait. Other systems will also be upgraded in Hawaii, Fort Stewart, Ga.; Fort Drum, N.Y.; and other installations.
Mr. Ricchiazzi works in Tobyhanna's public-affairs office.
by Gary Sheftick
WASHINGTON - Some soldiers donned black berets by June 14, but others will receive the Army's new headgear in phases into November, service officials announced May 2.
They said the delay in fielding berets is due to three companies defaulting on deliveries and a policy decision not to issue berets made in China.
"The Army Chief of Staff determined that U.S. troops shall not wear berets made in China or berets made with Chinese content," said Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz.
An order for about 618,000 black berets had been contracted to a British firm, Kangol Limited, which subcontracted production to a factory in China. About half those berets had already been delivered, but most hadn't yet been issued to soldiers, officials said. Those berets were recalled and sold as surplus through the Defense Reutilization and Marketing Office, according to a Defense Logistics Agency spokesperson.
In addition, three contracts have been canceled with U.S. companies that had beret factories in Romania, South Africa and India. "Quality was one of the issues," said a DLA spokesperson. She added that the three companies hadn't met their delivery schedule.
Originally, 4.8 million berets were contracted to seven different companies for a total cost of $29.6 million, according to DLA. The three remaining companies producing berets for the Army are Bancroft Cap Co. of Cabot, Ark., Dorothea Knitting in Canada and C.W. Headdress, a British company with a factory in Sri Lanka.
Army Chief of Staff GEN Eric Shinseki announced in October 2000 that soldiers would begin wearing black berets on the Army's birthday, June 14, as a symbol of the Army's transformation to a lighter, more deployable force. Soldiers in Ranger units, who have traditionally worn the black berets, will switch to tan berets. Soldiers in airborne units will continue to wear maroon berets, and Special Forces will continue to wear green berets, officials said.
Mr. Sheftick works in the Pentagon at Army News Service.
by Stephen Larsen
ARLINGTON, Va. - When, on March 28, the Pentagon opened its first consolidated server room - designed and built to house Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines and office of the secretary of defense servers - it marked a milestone, according to Arthur Money, assistant secretary of defense (command, control, communications and intelligence) and the Defense Department's chief information officer.
"This facility commemorates a major milestone in DoD's march to improve the efficiency, reliability and security of information-technology assets," said Money as he snipped the ribbon for the new facility, located in the Pentagon's newly renovated Wedge 1. "It is a visible example of our IT reform efforts by consolidating facilities previously scattered throughout the building."
The new facility is the first of 16 server rooms planned for the building. Each new server room will offer modern enhancements for greater security and reliability: smart uninterruptible power supplies, fire protection, cabling via overhead or raised flooring, redundant heat, ventilation and cooling, common work and test bed areas, multimedia storage cabinets and lockable server racks. Supporting both classified and unclassified needs, these facilities will create savings by relocating 70 scattered server locations currently in the Pentagon into 16 sites.
"This is a baby step in the right direction," said COL Robert Kirsch II, project manager of information management and telecommunications at Communications-Electronics Command's Systems Management Center. "We're not there yet, but we're heading the right way. Overall, the Pentagon renovation is now on a solid path to completion of the remaining wedges in the 2015 timeframe."
According to Kirsch, the IT modernization of Wedge 1 (out of five wedges) is about 70 percent complete. "Five hundred folks have moved in," he said, "and the remaining 4,300 will be moved in by November."
Mr. Larsen works in CECOM's SMC at Fort Monmouth, N.J.
by Jim Garamone
WASHINGTON - The Defense Department expected to have legislation authorizing more rounds of base closures to Congress before their August recess, DoD officials said.
Congress left Aug. 4 and reconvenes after Labor Day.
The legislation will be based on past laws governing the process, Pentagon spokesman Rear Adm. Craig Quigley said during a July 26 news conference. However, there will be changes.
"I think you will not see a complete replacement of the existing legislation," Quigley said. "But by the same token, we're looking to ensure the existing legislation is best-suited to align infrastructure with the force structure as we best see it."
Under existing base-realignment-and-closure laws, a commission chooses the installations that will be closed or realigned. The president can accept or reject the entire list. Congress then must accept the list or reject it.
Quigley said there's no question that DoD has more infrastructure - up to 25 percent more, according to some figures - than it needs to support current force structure.
"(Infrastructure) needs to be no more, no less than you need to support that force structure," he said.
Former Defense Secretary William Cohen tried to get Congress to agree to additional rounds of base closures but was unsuccessful. The last round of base closures was in 1995. DoD officials forecast that the three rounds of closures since 1988 would generate $25 billion in savings through Fiscal Year 2003.
Mr. Garamone writes for American Forces Press Service.
Several Signal leaders have been promoted and/or have taken new jobs over the past few months.
BG James Hylton was nominated for major-general rank. Formerly director of programs and architecture, Office of the Director of Information Systems for Command, Control, Communications and Computers in Washington, D.C., Hylton took the reins of Army Signal Command at Fort Huachuca, Ariz., in a change-of-command ceremony July 11.
MG William Russ, formerly ASC's commander, was reassigned as commander of Communications-Electronics Command and Fort Monmouth, Fort Monmouth, N.J.
BG Marilyn Quagliotti was also nominated for major general. Quagliotti is serving as the commanding general/deputy chief of staff for information management at 5th Signal Command, U.S. Army Europe and Seventh Army, Germany.
MG Steven Boutelle, formerly program executive officer for command, control and communication systems at Fort Monmouth, was reassigned as director of programs and architecture, ODISC4. BG Michael Mazzucchi, former deputy for systems acquisition at CECOM, became PEO C3S in a change-of-charter ceremony June 28.
BG Gregory Premo, former deputy director of operations (D3), Defense Information Systems Agency, Arlington, Va., was selected as deputy chief of staff for information management, Training and Doctrine Command, Fort Monroe, Va.
AUGUSTA, Ga. - A new exhibit called "2lst Century Peacekeeper ... the Intelligent Warrior" recently opened here at the Knox Gallery, National Science Center's Fort Discovery.
"The demand of global peacekeeping requires that U.S. soldiers and commanders use new technologies to help them work better, faster and smarter," according to an exhibit description. "By using new tools like voice recognition, global-positioning systems, biometrics and advanced battery-powered technologies, the U.S. soldier will be transformed into an intelligent warrior."
For more information, visit NSC's website at www.NationalScienceCenter.org.
by Jim Garamone
WASHINGTON - A senior defense official said he believes a transformed U.S. military probably will stay about the same size it is today, but it will be configured differently.
The reason, he said, is the U.S. military will be constructed not to face a specific enemy or scenario, but to combat a range of "vaguer" threats planners believe the United States could face in the next 20 years. The official said these are his initial feelings.
Conclusions and decisions must wait until completion of the Quadrennial Defense Review in September. Preliminary results will be available in mid-summer, so Defense Department officials can use them in building the fiscal 2003 defense budget.
The senior official said DoD needs to move beyond the risk-assessment policies of the past decade. Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and other department leaders need to evaluate all risks affecting the military and want to use the QDR to help do that.
The official said planning for the new strategy "requires a different way of viewing the future." He characterized 1990s thinking as "scenario-based, threat-based planning which is incorporated in the idea of two major regional contingencies."
He said the construct was useful when adopted 10 years ago, but is less so today. While it's not clear who U.S. adversaries might be, their threat capabilities can be forecast. He mentioned terrorism, ballistic-missile attacks, cyberwarfare and "anti-access" policies as some U.S. vulnerabilities.
To him, the "candidate lists" of potential enemies made by some people are immaterial. "The United States needs to focus on the capabilities we need rather than specific threat scenarios or specific enemies," he said.
U.S. military force planning has focused almost exclusively on the operational risk of not having the forces needed to carry out current war plans.
The official said this neglects three other dimensions of risk. The first derives from the fact that the United States uses its forces on a day-to-day basis for an extraordinary number and range of small-scale contingencies, he said. These contingencies create enormous burdens on the force and the risk that good people will be driven away through overuse. Equipment and materiel overuse are also dangers.
The next risk planners need to assess is that the United States "won't have what we need in the future for one of these much-harder-to-define emerging dangers."
The final dimension is what he termed an "efficiency risk." That is, the American public comes to view the U.S. military as bad stewards of resources and wasteful and loses confidence in it.
The official said DoD should "force these risks up on the table so they can compete with one another." The process would allow the president, Congress and other senior leaders to decide conscious trade-offs about these various risks.
"Someone said there is today, tomorrow and the day after tomorrow," the official said. "We have tended to focus rather heavily on tomorrow ... without realizing how much we're expending on today and how important it is to invest in the day after tomorrow. Up until now, we have been neglecting the future. We need to put more emphasis on it."
Rumsfeld does not want "warmed-over status quo" from the QDR or "conventional results" the DoD bureaucracy probably would deliver if left to itself, the official said. The secretary is working with the chiefs and civilian heads to develop guidance for the QDR research teams, he said.
The official said intense senior-level meetings are building consensus on the direction DoD needs to go. Without such consensus, he said, "Major change isn't going to stick. We're not turning a sports car on a dime, we're turning a great big vessel."
Mr. Garamone writes for American Forces Press Service.
by SFC Kathleen Rhem
WASHINGTON - The Defense Department and the services are now keeping a closer eye on how many days servicemembers spend away from home.
The 2000 National Defense Authorization Act mandated that the services report how many days each servicemember spends deployed. The services must report to DoD, and DoD then must report to Congress. The first report to Congress is due in March 2002.
Air Force LTC Mike Stark, an official in the Pentagon's Officer and Enlisted Personnel Management Directorate, explained that DoD is trying to reduce the number of days servicemembers are deployed. And to keep these numbers down, Congress provided a financial disincentive to DoD.
Any servicemember deployed more than 400 days in the previous two years will receive $100 for each additional deployment day past 400, Stark said. The days need not be concurrent. Officials are calling the plan the "Perstempo Program." "Personnel tempo" basically indicates how busy servicemembers are.
Stark explained perstempo reporting began Oct. 1, 2000. Only deployed days past that date count toward the additional payment. So, conceivably, heavily deployed servicemembers may be eligible for the "high-deployment per diem" as early as November 2001, he said.
Eventually, the services will report deployment days on members' military leave and earning statements, but all the services aren't to this point yet. The Marines began including the figure on March LESs, which members should have received about April 1. The Army and Navy are currently testing the system in some areas, and the Air Force is still working out the details, Stark said.
Not all days away from home count toward the high-deployment per diem. Stark said duty in garrison (such as overnight guard duty or charge of quarters) and individual training don't count. But deployments for operations and exercises, even at home station, do count toward the payments.
DoD has a vested interest in keeping deployment days down, Stark said. "The majority of our servicemembers enjoy doing what they train to do, but you can have too much of a good thing," he said. "If we overdo it, that affects servicemembers' quality of life. That has a ripple affect on retention, which in turn affects recruiting when the word gets out that we're overtaxing people."
SFC Rhem writes for American Forces Information Service.
by Elisa Pallitto
FORT MONMOUTH, N.J. - If you're looking for a great deal on electronic equipment, then check out the Government Employee Purchase Program, designed exclusively for the federal employee.
Through the GEPP, vendors of the Army's Small Computer Program are offering a wide selection of products, which federal employees may purchase for personal home use. These products include state-of-the-art desktop or notebook computer systems, inkjet and LaserJet printers, scanners, digital cameras, calculators, software, faxes, copiers, drives/storage, accessories and supplies from top manufacturers including Apple, Compaq, HP, IBM, Panasonic and Nikon.
All purchases federal employees make through GEPP are processed directly between them and the vendor, so there's no middleman. Some financing is available, and for a limited time shipping is free. For information and product availability connect to the SCP website at http://pmscp.monmouth.army.mil/ and click on the GEPP icon to view the list of participating vendors and for a direct link to each vendor site.
Ms. Pallitto works for SCP at Communications-Electronics Command's Systems Management Center.
by Jim Garamone
WASHINGTON - The U.S. government is looking at possibly reducing or eliminating American participation in the peacekeeping force in the Sinai, Pentagon officials said.
Currently, 865 American soldiers are deployed to the area.
Pentagon spokesman Rear Adm. Craig Quigley said Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld had discussed the possibility of reducing U.S. troop levels to the mission during discussions with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon.
Quigley said this was in keeping with President Bush's campaign pledge to examine "U.S. troop stationing around the world in a variety of scenarios, to take a look at where they might be reduced."
Quigley told reporters the entire U.S. national security team had discussed the proposal, but not to look for any decision soon. Any pullout or reduction must be agreed to by Egypt and Israel and will be done in consultation with the other 11 nations providing troops to the peacekeeping force.
Officially called the Multinational Force and Observers, the force is an outgrowth of the 1979 peace treaty between Israel and Egypt. U.S. forces have been in the area since April 25, 1982. Congress has capped the total U.S. troop participation at 1,200.
Units deploy to the Sinai for six months. The 1st Battalion, 21st Infantry, from Hawaii rotated out in May and was replaced by a unit from Fort Drum, N.Y.
Mr. Garamone writes for American Forces Information Service.
by Gerry Gilmore
FORT IRWIN, Calif. - The Army demonstrated how new technology can put more predictability into the uncertain - and deadly - business of war during a two-week exercise here in April.
At the division capstone exercise, the home team Blue Force showed how computerized, Internet-connected radios, satellite-fed global-positioning systems and novel reconnaissance methods could be used to steal a march on the old-tech opposing Red Force, exercise director MG B.B. Bell said.
Two 4th Infantry Division brigades - one mechanized, one aviation - comprised the Blue Team and used modified Abrams tanks, updated Bradley fighting vehicles and Longbow Apache helicopters, he said. More than 7,000 soldiers overall took part in the National Training Center exercise.
"We took our legacy force (and) ensured it was empowered with information-dominance technology," Bell said. "DCX is a springboard for Army transformation."
That transformation is geared to produce the Army of 15-20 years hence, he said. Information dominance on the battlefield, he added, helps dissipate the fog of war by answering the age-old military questions: Where am I? Where are my buddies? Where is the enemy?
Bell said the Fort Irwin exercise culminated Army efforts to develop battlefield information-dominance capabilities proposed in 1995 by GEN Gordon Sullivan, then Army chief of staff. The exercise demonstrated how new technologies will enable the Army to adopt new strategies to quickly find and fix enemy forces, control the flow of battle and defeat the enemy piecemeal, thus avoiding massed confrontations with attendant high losses of troops and material, he added.
Transformation will depend on the forcewide application of digitalization throughout the battlefield, enabling the Army to "come to grips with the power of information dominance," Bell concluded.
Mr. Gilmore writes for American Forces Information Service.
The 75th Ranger Regiment is seeking top-quality, highly motivated, branch-qualified Signal officers for service in the Regiment. You don't have to be Ranger qualified to apply.
The Rangers periodically have openings for captains at each battalion and a major at the Regimental level. Duty positions include battalion Signal officer, Regimental Signal detachment commander and Regimental Signal officer.
Prior service in the Regiment or Special Operations community isn't required.
Duty positions are located with 1st Ranger Battalion at Hunter Army Airfield, Savannah, Ga.; 2d Ranger Battalion, Fort Lewis, Wash.; and 3d Ranger Battalion, along with Regimental headquarters, at Fort Benning, Ga.
As a member of 75th Ranger Regiment's Signal Corps, you'll have the opportunity for advanced schooling such as airborne school, jumpmaster school, Pathfinder and Ranger school. Also, you'll routinely work with other Special Operations Forces and have the latest technology at your disposal. As a Signal officer, you'll serve an integral role in planning and executing Ranger operations in both the conventional and Special Operations arena for missions spanning the globe.
Interested officers need to send the following items to apply:
|Updated Officer Record Brief;|
|Department of the Army official photo;|
|Form 4187 requesting the assignment;|
|Letters of recommendation;|
|Copies of AERs and Officer Evaluation Reports;|
|Copy of Army Physical Fitness Test scorecard; and|
|Letter of intent.|
For more information, contact CPT Jeff Hudson, the Rangers' Regimental assistant S-1. E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org; call DSN 835-5125 or commercial (706) 545-5124; fax (706) 545-5830 (DSN fax 835-5830); or write:
Commander, 75th Ranger Regiment
ATTN: RAS1 (CPT Hudson)
Bldg. 2834, Infantry Brigade Loop
Fort Benning, Ga. 31905
Attracting the best Reserve Officer Training Corps cadets into the Signal Regiment ensures a stronger Regiment, able to meet the warfighter's information needs. Part of the process of attracting these cadets is "marketing" the Regiment every summer.
Representatives from the Regiment provide information to cadets at their summer training camps so they'll "branch" Signal. It's one of the behind-the-scenes things the Regimental Division, Office Chief of Signal, at Fort Gordon, Ga., does to "market" the Regiment -- within and outside the Signal Regiment.
ROTC camps are just one way Regimental Division provides information to external and internal audiences. For instance, Army Communicator is part of Regimental Division.
For more information, see the division's website at http://www.gordon.army.mil/ocos/rdiv/default.asp.
|2LT Dixon Brockbank of Company C, 29th Signal Battalion, Fort Lewis, Wash., talks about the Signal Regiment mission to cadets attending branch-orientation days briefings June 27 at Camp Challenge, an ROTC advanced camp at Fort Lewis. The 29th Signal Battalion supports orientation briefings with soldiers and equipment, as this is part of the Regimental teamwork in 'marketing' the Signal Regiment.|
ROTC cadets get the scoop on a possible Signal career from CPT Karen Roe, the lieutenants assignment officer at Personnel Command. Roe briefed the cadets during branch-orientation days at the Fort Lewis advanced camp.
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Army Communicator is part of Regimental Division, a division of Office Chief of Signal.